Division of Nutritional Sciences
Gregory Freund

Gregory Freund

Professor of Pathology And Head
Department of Animal Sciences
261 E R Madigan Laboratory
1201 W. Gregory Dr.
Urbana, IL 61801
(217) 244-8839


M.D., 1988, Univ. of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York
B.A., 1983, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut

Research Interests

After receiving my BA in Studio Art from Wesleyan University, I went on to study medicine and pathology at the University of Rochester. At Rochester, I was fascinated by the emerging field of brain-immune communication especially as related to diabesity. There I performed formative work demonstrating that immune cells had functional insulin and IGF-1 receptor signaling systems. Currently, I am Professor and Head of Pathology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign examining the immune-associated biobehavioral complications of diabesity in mice. We are particularly focused on neuroimmune dysregulation and the development of countermeasures to protect against adverse cognitive function tied to oxidative stress and pro-inflammation. In this regard, we were the first to show that diabesity hindered recovery from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and IL-1-induced neuroinflammation (O'Connor JC, et al. 2005 J Immunol). We demonstrated that diabesity-associated IGF-1/insulin resistance could be overcome with the IGF-1/insulin mimetic, vanadyl sulfate, speeding recovery from LPS-induced neuroinflammation (Johnson DR, et al. 2005 Proc Natl Acad Sci). We discovered that the oxidative stressor hypoxia/reoxygenation activated the IL-1beta arm of the neuroimmune system via caspase-1 and that diabesity exacerbated the associated adverse behavioral outcomes (Johnson DR, et al. 2007 J Neurosci). Most recently we identified adenosine as a key danger signal responsible for hypoxia/reoxygenation-dependent activation of the inflammasome in the brain (Chiu GS, et al. 2012 J Neurosci). Coupled to our demonstration that metabolic stress impairs learning and memory in juvenile mice (Kaczmarczyk MM, et al. in press Psychoneuroendocrinology), we have begun to delineate a mechanism by which oxidative stress triggers the IL-1beta arm of the neuroimmune system and negatively impacts cognition.

Representative Publications

Dantzer, R., O'Connor, J.C., Freund, G.G., Johnson, R.W., Kelley, K.W. (2008) From inflammation to sickness and depression: When the immune system subjugates the brain. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 9, 46-56. PMCID: PMC2919277
Chen, J., Buchanan, J.B., Sparkman, N.L., Godbout, J.P., Freund, G.G., Johnson, R.W. (2008) Neuroinflammation and disruption in working memory in aged mice after acute stimulation of the peripheral innate immune system. Brain, Behavior and Immunity. 22, 301-11. PMCID: PMC2374919
Sherry, C.L., Kramer, J.M., York, J.M., Freund, G.G. (2009) Behavioral recovery from acute hypoxia is reliant on leptin. Brain, Behavior and Immunity. 23, 169-75. PMCID: PMC2652853
Sherry, C.L., Kim, S.S., Freund, G.G. (2009) Accelerated recovery from acute hypoxia in obese mice is due to obesity-associated up-regulation of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA). Endocrinology. 150, 2660-67. PMCID: PMC2689805
Lavin, D.N., Joesting, J.J., Chiu, G.S., Moon, M.L., Meng, J., Dilger, R.N., Freund, G.G. (2011) Fasting induces an anti-inflammatory effect on the neuroimmune system which a high-fat diet prevents. Obesity. 19, 1586-94.
York, J.M., McDaniel, A.W., Blevins, N.A., Guillet, R.R., Allison, S.O., Freund, G.G. (2012) Individually ventilated cages cause chronic low-grade hypoxia impacting mice hematologically and behaviorally. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 26, 951-58.
Park, M.J., Yoo, S.W., Choe, B.S., Dantzer, R., Freund, G.G. (2012) Acute hypoglycemia causes depressive-like behaviors in mice. Metabolism. 61, 229-236.
Chiu, G.S., Chatterjee, D., Darmody, P.T., Walsh, J.P., Meling, D.D., Johnson, R.W., Freund, G.G. (2012) Hypoxia/reoxygenation impairs memory formation via adenosine-dependent activation of caspase 1. Journal of Neuroscience. 32(40), 13945-55.